Monkeypox is a viral infection closely related to smallpox that causes the release of pox lesions on the skin of an infected person.
It is a rare disease caused by a double-stranded DNA zoonotic virus known as the Monkeypox Virus.
Monkeypox was first discovered in the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958 during an investigation into a pox-like disease in crab-eating macaque monkeys.
Although the virus is similar to smallpox in humans, the disease is much more deadly.
It belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
How Is Monkeypox Transmitted?
The virus that causes this deadly disease is transmitted mainly from animals to humans, as well as from human to human.
Animal to human infection can occur through a bite or by direct contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids.
Human to human infection of the virus can occur when one makes contact with pus or secretions (called fomites) from an infected person’s bodily fluids.
Things To Know About Monkeypox
Also, one can also get infected by inhaling droplets from an infected person.
Its takes between 10–14 days for the disease to have completed incubation and for symptoms to begin to show.
However, in some cases, incubation period can range between 5 and 21 days.
In recent times, rodents have been implicated as a major carrier of this deadly virus in parts of West and Central Africa.
What Are The Symptoms of Monkeypox?
Symptoms of Monkeypox can be categorized under non-specific and specific symptoms.
Non-specific symptoms include:
- muscle pain
- back pain
- intense lack of energy
Specific symptoms include:
- ulcerating lesions
- swelling of lymph nodes
How Can I Prevent Monkeypox Virus Infection?
In order to prevent infection by this deadly virus, the following preventive measures can be taken:
- avoid touching or eating animals known to be carriers of the virus (such as rats, monkeys, etc)
- avoid close physical contact with persons who have show pox lesions or visible rashes
- ensure to use physical barriers such as face masks and gloves to avoid droplets or close contact when caring for infected persons
- caregivers should ensure to get vaccinated for smallpox according to the guidelines provided by CDC
Endeavor to follow the guidelines by the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) in dealing with Monkeypox in your locality.